2010 Jan. 20 to 22: WI Salem: COMMENTS on Salem mulls limits on wood-fired boilers
SALEM — The Salem Town Board is seeking information on potential limits for outdoor wood boilers in town neighborhoods.
Chairman Linda Valentine said at a meeting Monday she was seeking information on the issue because Pleasant Prairie and Wheatland have had complaints about wood boilers.
1 | Kenosha News
January 20, 2010 | 3:17 p.m.
Salem mulls limits on wood-fired boilers
2 | Chris Gustafson
January 20, 2010 | 3:17 p.m.
The State doesn’t regulate installation or use of outdoor residential wood-fired furnaces which can save fossil fuels but cause of citizen complaints because they operate at low temperatures when not heating, have a lower chimney height than an indoor stove, smoldering when not heating making excessive smoke that can cause both acute and chronic health problems for nearby exposed residents. Where our municipality is not sparsely developed, use should be banned and everywhere when windows are open and during air advisories. Require annual fire chief inspection and where permitted a setback of 1000 feet from neighbors dwellings.
4 | Chris Gustafson
January 21, 2010 | 12:58 p.m.
Problems with OWBs have been demonstrated
Examples: U.S. EPA’s OWB Manufacturers Voluntary Phase II Certification Program, WDHS’s health hazard fact sheets available at http://dhs.wi.gov/eh/HlthHaz/fs/waterstoves.htm
, WDNR’s Model Outdoor Wood-Fired Furnace Ordinance, and why we have Wis. Stats. Ch. 254, to abate environmental health nusiances AFTER they cause harm and chronic illness. Laws are meant to protect the greater public good in the least restrictive manner. Minimum lot sizes and setback distances do just that and is why there are more than 37 communities with such ordinances in Wisconsin. Or would you prefer having dense smog over our town? Grandfathering is reactionary after-the-fact help to few not many.
5 | Chris Gustafson
January 21, 2010 | 2:16 p.m.
What Can Local Governments Do About Water Stove Complaints?
OWBs create non-regulated local air quality problems. Increasing numbers of OWBs are installed in subdivisions. Local ordinances to manage public health nuisance and hazards include Best-management practices for placement and use such as: 1. Carefully consider where OWBs are installed especially when ag land changes frequently results in homes being built too close. 2.Restrict OWB burning to only clean dry firewood (and Winter only) 3.Place OWBs at least 300-500 feet from nearest building not on same property (and require 1000 ft. setback where possible). 4.Require 15 ft. chimneys or at least roof height of nearby buildings. 5.Require local fire chief annual permitting of OWBs.
6 | Chris Gustafson
January 21, 2010 | 3:07 p.m.
Kenosha County has over 10,000 OWB units
States have identified outdoor hydronic heaters as a critical local air pollution issue. With help from EPA, NESCAUM formed a workgroup to address issues of the unregulated emissions and developed a model rule to promote common regulatory standards based on meeting existing federal air quality health standards set by the U.S. EPA, establishes emission limits and labeling requirements for new outdoor hydronic heaters. A major aim of the rule is to meet current federal air quality standards for particulate matter (PM) which is extensively documented to adversely impact heart and lungs. SEE: http://www.nescaum.org/topics/outdoor-hydronic-heaters
. (Our county has HIGH rates of cardiovascular & asthma).
7 | ¿
January 21, 2010 | 7:25 p.m.
I’m not giving up my fireplace.
8 | Chris Gustafson
January 21, 2010 | 8:19 p.m.
Indoor Fireplaces Are Not the Same
Your fireplace is not likely designed to burn 24/7 two wheel barrows worth of wood per fueling as those have very small firebox by comparison. Plus, your fireplace doesn’t likely cycle through automatic damper-phases which result in heavy smoke & non- combusted flammable volatile gases discharges from lack of a secondary internal combustion chamber of units that are not Phase II with the orange EPA label affixed to it. Even when fireplaces are frequently enjoyed, when your done, fire goes out, no more smoke, and no half ton of soot per year into the neighborhood.
9 | ¿
January 21, 2010 | 9:50 p.m.
nope, it sure isn’t,
but I can see where things are headed. Judging from your passion on this, I can hardly see you as a proponent of my pleasure.
10 | Chris Gustafson
January 22, 2010 | 2:18 p.m.
WRONG–I’m not against your pleasure
Fireplace chimneys ground-to-top are 3X taller than ANY OWB’s, AND don’t discharge at the living-level. We periodically burn seasoned- wind-fallen-wood, still not as NASTY as a PRE-EPA- Certifed OWB.. Phase II units ischarge ONLY 0.6 pounds of PM per million BTUs of heat output. REGARDLESS of FUEL thats how many BTUs are typically used each winter to keep our homes here comfy. We installed in-floor tubing & pay 0.16 cent per BTU for WE- Energies gas now. What we’ll use as an "Alernative Supplemental Heat Source" will be Carbon-Neutral for maximum future savings someday. Research U.S. Dept. of Energy R&D for how & WHY.