2010 April 7: OR: Senate Bill 102 to accelerate the turnover of older uncertified woodstoves, on EQC agenda April 29-30 2010

 

2010 April 7: OR: Senate Bill 102 to accelerate the turnover of older uncertified woodstoves, on EQC agenda April 29-30 2010

 

State of Oregon

Department of Environmental Quality Memorandum

Date: April 7, 2010

To:

Environmental Quality Commission

From:

Dick Pedersen, Director

Subject:

Agenda item O, Informational item: Heat Smart rules

April 29-30, 2010 EQC meeting

Purpose of item

This item informs the Environmental Quality Commission about an upcoming rulemaking regarding the implementation of Senate Bill 102, a measure to protect Oregonians from wood smoke by accelerating the turnover of older uncertified woodstoves. EQC will not be asked to take any action at this meeting, but the discussion will help inform staff in developing the rulemaking proposal.

Background

Concerns about wood smoke

Wintertime residential wood burning is a significant source of air pollution, including fine particulate and air toxics. Smoke from wintertime residential burning can be a primary reason that communities such as Klamath Falls and Oakridge do not meet federal health standards for fine particulate matter. Residential wood burning is also a significant source of emissions in a dozen other communities that are at risk from elevated fine particulate levels. This rulemaking is a long-term strategy that will help improve air quality by replacing the older, uncertified stoves with newer, cleaner-burning heating systems.

Senate Bill 102 requirements

Senate Bill 102 requires EQC to establish a program to remove any noncertified woodstoves upon home sale. It also authorizes EQC to set emission standards for a broader range of home wood-heating devices, including outdoor wood-fired boilers and other uncontrolled wood burning devices that are currently exempt from the U.S.

Environmental Protection Agency’s woodstove emissions certification requirements. Senate Bill 102 also makes it clear that materials, such as garbage or other prohibited materials may not be burned in a woodstove or fireplace.

Regulated devices

under DEQ’s new woodstove rules

In 1984, Oregon was the first state in the nation to require emissions certification of wood burning stoves. EPA quickly followed with national emission standards in 1988 but has not revised the 20-year-old woodstove standard since then. At that time, only a handful of woodstoves were exempt from emission standards.

Today, EPA’s exemption list has over 260 devices

Item O 000001

Informational item: Heat Smart rules

April 29-30, 2010 EQC meeting

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because EPA’s current definition of “woodstove” is too narrow. This allows hundreds of other uncontrolled residential wood burning devices, such as outdoor residential wood boilers, to be sold because they are technically exempt by EPA. The Heat Smart rules will expand the definition of “woodstove” to “solid fuel burning device,preventing these exempt devices to be sold in Oregon unless they meet EPA certification standards.

Additionally, Senate Bill 102 gives DEQ the authority to set more stringent standards for solid fuel burning devices. EPA plans to issue a revised emission standard for wood stoves within the next few years. DEQ will continue to rely

on EPA’s emission standards for wood heating devices. DEQ does not see the need to set a separate Oregon emission standard unless EPA fails to do so.

DEQ advisory committee

DEQ convened an advisory committee in April 2010 to discuss a number of practical issues regarding the implementation of the woodstove removal requirement upon home sale. The committee included a local government representative, real estate brokers, woodstove dealers, contractors and a metal recycler. Four of the committee members were from Klamath Falls and Medford, areas that have had a local woodstove removal upon home sale program in place. These committee members provided insight on the successes and challenges of their programs. A list of committee members is provided in Attachment A.

The committee discussed options regarding notification, removal and destruction requirements. This included how DEQ would establish procedures for the homeowner to notify DEQ that an uncertified stove has been removed and properly destroyed. The committee also provided input on implementation of the rules. The committee reviewed outreach materials and made recommendations for how to inform the public, realtors, dealers, recyclers and any other affected parties.

Key issues

Wood burning devices subject to emission standards

The Heat Smart rules will incorporate a broader range of home wood-heating devices, including outdoor wood-fired boilers and other uncontrolled wood burning devices, and subject them to the federal emission standards for woodstoves. One stakeholder, the Hearth, Patio, and Barbecue Association, indicated DEQ should not regulate the outdoor wood boilers but allow them to be addressed

under EPA’s voluntary certification program. EPA has indicated in its upcoming review of the federal emission standards that it intends to include currently exempt stoves and is still assessing whether to include outdoor wood boilers to meet its federal requirements. EPA plans to issue rulemaking by early 2012. However, because of concerns about wood smoke from the EPA-exempt devices the state of Washington currently requires these devices to meet the EPA standards. DEQ also plans to require the EPA-exempt devices, including outdoor wood boilers, to meet certification standards. DEQ

Item O 000002

Informational item: Heat Smart rules

April 29-30, 2010 EQC meeting

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will conduct outreach to affected stove and residential boiler manufacturers and dealers informing them of the new restrictions.

Uncertified stove removal upon home sale

A key component of the Heat Smart rules includes establishing procedures to verify that an uncertified stove has been removed and destroyed. One of the challenges in implementing these requirements is helping the home seller determine whether the stove is uncertified and must be removed. DEQ plans to provide informational pamphlets to realtors and sellers on how to verify whether the home seller has an uncertified stove and how to dispose and destroy the old stove. The pamphlet would clearly identify what is considered a certified stove and provide example pictures. DEQ also will provide information on its website, providing technical assistance and an electronic form the home seller can submit to notify DEQ that the stove was removed and destroyed.

Another issue is ensuring that the uncertified stove has been removed upon home sale. While the real estate agents will not be asked to enforce these regulations, they will play a critical role in providing information to their clients about the removal requirements. Compliance with these rules will occur primarily through education and awareness, which is similar to how DEQ currently enforces the sale of uncertified woodstoves. Based on the experience in other communities where this requirement is already in effect, this approach is successful.

Statutory deadlines

Senate Bill 102, which the proposed rulemaking would implement, includes a delayed effective date of Aug. 1, 2010, for requiring the removal and destruction of uncertified stoves upon home sale. During the development of the bill, DEQ promised realtors that it would develop rules as quickly as possible to establish removal requirements to eliminate confusion over how to remove and notify DEQ of the destruction of the stove.

Next steps

DEQ plans to proceed with rulemaking to propose Heat Smart rules in June 2010, with final rules proposed to EQC likely in October 2010. Because the uncertified stove removal requirements are effective Aug. 1, 2010, DEQ plans to work with the realtors and home sellers in issuing guidance and providing technical assistance until formal rules are adopted. DEQ will provide a training module for realtors and home inspectors, and be available to answer their questions. DEQ will provide email notifications to woodstove dealers, building codes departments and chimney sweeps, providing information through the project website and answer questions as needed.

DEQ plans to hold at least five hearings throughout the state, possibly in Pendleton, Lakeview, Burns, Baker City, Medford, Eugene and Portland.

Item O 000003

Informational item: Heat Smart rules

April 29-30, 2010 EQC meeting

Page 4 of 4

EQC involvement

EQC requested this informational item to learn more about the upcoming Heat Smart rules, specifically regarding the broader range of home heating devices that could be subject to emissions requirements. The purpose of this item is to provide an opportunity for early EQC involvement before DEQ begins formal rulemaking.

Attachments

A. Heat Smart Advisory Committee Members

Available upon request

Senate Bill 102:

http://www.leg.state.or.us/09reg/measpdf/sb0100.dir/sb0102.en.pdf

Approved:

Section: ____________________________

Division: ____________________________

Report prepared by: Rachel Sakata

Phone: (503) 229-5659

Item O 000004

Attachment A

April 29-30, 2010 EQC meeting

Page 1 of 1

DEQ Heat Smart Advisory Committee Members

April 2010

Committee Member

Organization

Corey Bailey

Schnitzer Steel Industries – Regional Environmental Manager

Delbert Bell

Klamath County Health Department – Environmental Health Manager

Steve Blaha

Esbey Construction Co.

Home inspector

Adam Bogle

Coldwell Banker

Medford-Ashland realtor

Robert Daggett

Coldwell Banker

Klamath Falls realtor

Shaun Jillions

Oregon Association of Realtors – Legislative Policy Director

Geoff McPherson

Homeowner – Ashland

Tim Nissen

Home Fire Stove – Hearth products dealer

Kent Swanson

Mt. Tabor Chimney Company

Chimney sweepItem O 000005

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One Response to 2010 April 7: OR: Senate Bill 102 to accelerate the turnover of older uncertified woodstoves, on EQC agenda April 29-30 2010

  1. Pingback: 2010 Nov. 16: OH: Ohio news from 2008 to present | RAWSEP ResidentsAgainstWood SmokeEmissionParticulates

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